IBL Processes


Inquiry is understood as a way of teaching and learning mathematics by asking questions and finding answers, identifying problems and seeking solutions, exploring, investigating and explaining mathematical meanings.

When students learn mathematics through inquiry, they work like mathematicians do.
Thus, they may engage with the processes listed below.


  • Simplifying and structuring
  • Observing systematically
  • Measuring
  • Classifying
  • Creating definitions
  • Quantifying
  • Inferring
  • Predicting
  • Hypothesizing
  • Controlling variables
  • Experimenting
  • Visualizing
  • Discovering relationships and connections
  • Communicating


IBL ProcessesSource: PRIMAS (2011). Guide for Professional Development Providers

Available online on the PRIMAS website via


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